Someone wonders that they want to learn Adobe Illustrator to draw some simple things they need or to be a amateur designer but they don't know whatever they should start with. The very easy and fast response is to know and use the basic tools well as possible as you can.
Pen tool is one of the basic and most important tools in Adobe Illustator. This beginning tutorial will help you know how to use Pen tool, also some basic tools as Rotate (shortkey R), Direct selection tool (shortkey A), Pathfinder (shortkey Ctrl + Shift + F9) etc...
Now let's start create a very simple object, a snowflake, by using Pen tool.
Open Adobe Illustrator software in your PC and create a new document with any size and solution that you need by pressing File > New or pressing the shortkey Ctrl + N.
Step 1 : Draw a vertical line
Select the Pen tool and draw a vertical line by holding down the Shift key. A similar way is selecting the Line tool. If you select the Pen tool, you should remove foreground colour by pressing the / key.
Step 2 : Drawn a 2nd line
There're 2 ways to do this step. At first, I will guide you the way that I used to do. Let's get started!
Select Rectangle tool (shortkey M) and draw a square with a suitable size for the 1st line by holding Ctrl + Alt + dragging the mouse starting from the vertical line. Then rotate the square 45 degrees by pressing Right click > Transform > Rotate > 45 degrees. And last, select Direct selection tool (shortkey A) to choose the above anchor and delete it.
A similar way is using Line segment tool (shortkey \ ). From the vertical line, dragging diagonally and holding down the Shift key. Select the 45 degrees angled line and select the Rotate tool (shortkey R). You will see a blue pivot that appears on the 45 degrees. Holding down the Alt key, dragging the mouse to move this pivot to an anchor that you want to be the rotation pivot. In the new windows dialog that appears, type -90/90 degrees and click the Copy button.
Step 3 : Change the line's stroke. Convert the lines to objects.
You must do this step because the lines have got a certain thickness. So when you scale your objects to a larger size, the thickness of the line's stroke will not change, and your objects look so thin. When you scale your objects to a smaller size, they look so bold.
Let's get started to this step! Select Selection tool (shortkey V) to choose the lines that you've just drawn. To show the Stroke option toolbox, click Window > Stroke. Change the value that you need. It depends on the dimensions that you're working in. You also might follow the way as the image below.
To convert the lines to objects, click Object > Path > Outline Stroke.
That's Okay! Then click Window > Pathfinder > Unite to create a compound shape.
Step 4 : Rotate and duplicate.
Select the entire object and select the Rotate tool (shortkey R). Hold down the Alt key and click at the bottom center of the object as this is the spot you want the object to rotate around. In the new window that appears, choose 60 degrees, as you want a snowflake that contains 6 parts. 360/6 = 60. Now click the Copy button to create a new object and still keep the original object.
Step 5 : Transform again.
Hit the Cmd/Ctrl + D 4 times in a row to repeat the action and create 4 other parts of your snowflake.
Step 6 : Unite all fill objects
We will use Pathfinder to do this work. You might follow the step 3 to open the Pathfinder toolbox and also use the Unite option to merge all shapes into 1 object.
Select all shapes and select the Unite option on the Pathfinder toolbox.
That's Okay! Now we have a simple completed snowflake.
Step 7 : Add colour
You can add some solid colour or gradient as you need.
Together we created a simple snowflake by using Pen tool and some basic tools in Adobe Illustrator. You can try out other combinations. I hope that this beginning tutorial is helpful for you. Please like our Facebook fanpage and subcribe our Youtube channel to get more tutorials.
Once again, you can watch this video to remember all steps that we've done.